Is Galaxy Quest Superversive?

Galaxy Quest
The crew of the Protector, about to give the Enterprise crew a run for their money--and have more fun while they're at it.
Yesterday I revisited the late 90s cult classic Galaxy Quest. Not only is it one of my favorite comedies, it easily stands among my favorite SF films and is just plain one of my all-time favorite movies.

OK, I'm laying my cards on the table. In addition to the accolades I already heaped on it, Galaxy Quest is the best Star Trek movie. Sure, it's an homage that parodies Trek in much the same way that Spaceballs riffed on Star Wars (of which it is the fourth best film, but that's another post), but Galaxy Quest succeeds where even Mel Brooks failed. It beat its source material at its own game.

Don't take my word for it. Fans at a major Star Trek convention ranked Galaxy Quest the seventh best film in the series, and that was only because of backroom politicking that bumped Quest down from its starting position in second place. Key members of the creative team who've worked on Star Trek movies since The Voyage Home declared that it deserved to be #1.

A twist on a familiar story
For those who are unfamiliar with Galaxy Quest, shame on you! Go watch it right now.



For those who are at work or school or prison or somewhere like North Korea that won't let you stream videos, Galaxy Quest follows a simple yet ingenious premise.

NOTE: this movie is almost twenty years old, so my spoiler filter is off.

The washed-up stars of a 70s SF TV show, forced to subsist on convention signings and ribbon cuttings since the program's cancellation, get much more than they bargained for when what they mistake for another promo gig turns out to be the real thing.

Facing genocide, an alien race has turned to "Historical Documents" from earth, i.e. television transmissions, for guidance--especially old episodes of Galaxy Quest. They lovingly reproduce the series' iconic ship down to the last bolt and dab of paint; then enlist the original crew to lead them in battle.

Galaxy Quest NSEA Protector
The most accurate fan prop ever! Seriously, the visuals alone tell you how well the filmmakers understand the subject matter.
Unfortunately, the "crew" don't have their act together--figuratively or literally.

Galaxy Quest Crew
The pictorial definition of "fish out of water".
Besides the shock of finding themselves embroiled in a real interstellar war, the actors must confront the interpersonal grudges and rivalries that have alienated them from each other as they're thrust back into their old roles. It's the command performance of a lifetime, with stakes far higher than bad ratings.

A worthy homage
In design and execution, Galaxy Quest not only meets the standard set by Star Trek, but sometimes surpasses it. Quest is like the rare cover version of a song that draws out the original's latent potential and takes it to the next level.

Now imagine that the cover song is by "Weird Al" Yankovic, and the metaphor is complete. Don't let the comedy distract you from the fact that the artist is a bona fide genius.

Why does Galaxy Quest deserve such praise? The simplest reason is that it's a sci-fi, parody, ensemble cast, character-driven, comedy/adventure film that works on each and every one of those levels.

First of all, comedy is widely and correctly understood as the hardest genre to pull off properly. Galaxy Quest is indeed a sterling comedy. Rare among contemporary films in this genre, it doesn't stoop to lazy one-liners or crude slapstick for cheap laughs. Instead, it takes the high road of crafting situational humor based on solidly established characters and how they react to their strange circumstances.

NB: critics lament how modern comedies have largely replaced actual jokes with glib pop culture references. Ironically, Galaxy Quest is one of the few movies that could've gotten away with that gimmick. Yet its makers exercised admirable restraint in weaving SF tropes into the story subtly and organically through the actors' performances.

Alexander Dane: Typecast Thespian archetype. Alan Rickman's delivery says it all. 

The near-subliminal references even extend to the movie's visual design.

Galaxy Quest Protector
Yes. The NSEA Protector is a comm badge from Star Trek: The Next Generation.
After soaring over the highest hurdle, Galaxy Quest goes for the gold in the sci-fi, space opera, and characterization categories. Though the science is extra squishy (just how I like it), the movie more than compensates by adding new speculative elements that are just as satisfying as their Trek analogs.

The digital conveyor, FTL flight via black holes (later explored seriously by Interstellar), and the Omega 13 device are just some of the masterful conceits that establish Quests's own consistent mythos.

One added benefit of rewatching the film was realizing just how gorgeous it is. The conceptual and technical design; even the costumes, are on par with the finer Trek movies while having a pleasing aesthetic all their own.

I was also surprised by how the movie's visuals influenced the descriptions in my own writing. Though I didn't realize it at the time, the bridge of the Protector clearly inspired the wheelhouse of the Serapis from Nethereal.

Not the Lovecraftian ship in front; the one way off in the background.
The special effects only lose a few points because some of the CG looks a little outdated now, but it still beats any Syfy Channel original movie.

In the action department, Galaxy Quest largely departs from the submarine warfare style of most Trek installments and depicts pulpier, though honestly more exciting, space battles. The character-level gun play and fisticuffs retain comedic elements while portraying deadly consequences, sometimes in direct contrast to the TV show's camp.

Alexander at the crux of his character arc. Same line; vastly different context and significance.

But is it superversive?
Galaxy Quest is a criminally underrated comedy and sci-fi masterpiece. But solid craftsmanship alone doesn't qualify a work of art as superversive.

As I've noted before, superversive fiction entails a particular commitment to storytelling in the service of beauty, goodness, and truth. Tom Simon gives the definitive explanation.

"...[C]ourage is the essential quality of a superversive story: not the dumb, dull fortitude that passively endures in the face of suffering, but the courage that allows the character to take action – to risk becoming a hero."

That right there is the standard of a superversive tale. Does Galaxy Quest rise to it?

Damn straight it does
At the movie's low point, Jason Nesmith (aptly portrayed by Tim Allen) must confess to the alien leader Mathesar that he and his "crew" are not what the aliens believed. They are simple actors pretending to be space explorers on sets made of plywood, tinfoil, and Christmas lights.

Galaxy Quest Jason and Mathesar
Yes, Mathesar, there IS a Santa Claus.
Mathesar's race--the Thermians--are perfect examples of the purely material beings described by master SF author John C. Wright. Mathesar states that his people lacked transcendent beliefs, and that they interpreted all earth television broadcasts as historical documentaries.

This is strong evidence that the Thermians are purely material--or at least materialistic--beings with no spiritual dimension to their existence, who as such have no longing for a reality above and beyond the mundane world.

Wright convincingly reasons that sapient beings who are fully "at home" in the material world would have no need for or concept of fiction. Their libraries would have only textbooks and newspapers; not pulp magazines and novels. The Thermians therefore see no difference between fiction and lies.

The interactions between guileless Thermians and duplicitous humans brings about one of the movie's core moral themes: what value, if any, does fiction have? When asked why humans would go to the considerable effort and expense of creating such elaborate charades, Nesmith admits to Mathesar that he doesn't know. He makes halfhearted mention of entertainment, but it's clear that he's never thought through the basis of his craft.

It is here, in the last act, that Galaxy Quest goes from being a workmanlike and thoroughly enjoyable parody to a work of\superversive genius.

The cast of the Galaxy Quest TV show start the movie as petty, frustrated characters, depressed by their inability to be who their talents and dispositions call them to be. They're suddenly given a final, all-or-nothing chance to redeem themselves.

Galaxy Quest Jason Nesmith
Pictorial definition of "unlikely hero"
The crew of actors are given multiple chances throughout the film to escape the conflict and return home to their old lives. Each time, they decide to stay, even after learning that they're in mortal danger. Jason and his crew don't just suffer adversity with patience. They willingly accept terrible risks for the sake of practical strangers from a distant world.

Even more impressive, Galaxy Quest answers its thematic question about the value of art; not through dialog, but through the characters' actions. Traditionally, protagonists in mistaken identity plots prevail by either tapping into hidden strengths, or by leveraging their native abilities.

The cast of Galaxy Quest do both--employing their acting chops to overcome challenges while growing into their fictional roles for real. By the end of the movie, Tony Shalhoub's character really is the Protector's chief engineer. Reluctant pilot Tommy flies her with confidence and skill. Jason is established as the ship's master and a leader of men.

Yet it's the final touch that cements this film as a superversive triumph. The human crew of the Protector have defeated their adversary and saved the Thermian race. At this point, a lesser story would have ended with the aliens gaining knowledge of fiction and losing some of their innocence, possibly with a trite speech about faking it until you make it or the inspirational value of noble lies.

Instead, the Thermians are convinced that Nesmith's confession was itself a ruse, and their faith in the "Historical Documents" is fully restored.

Now, I anticipate criticism on the grounds that our heroes leave the Thermians in ignorance. Isn't the bitterest truth preferable to the sweetest lie?

To which I reply that anyone making such an objection is equivocating. Equating fiction with deceit is the Thermians' mistake, made because they're fundamentally blind to the difference. Trying to distinguish between a lie told with malice and a story told in service of the truth is a Sisyphean task where Thermians are concerned, and no futile task is morally obligatory.

And because we, the audience, are not Thermians, we can see how Galaxy Quest upholds the wonder and beauty of space exploration, the good of heroic virtue, and the truth that the value of good fiction transcends the world of base matter.

Update: in a glorious instance of life imitating art imitating life, Amazon has had a new Galaxy Quest series in the works. Production has been put on hold following the incomparable Alan Rickman's tragic death. Here's hoping a satisfactory yet respectful way can be found to complete the project.


  1. When I first saw Galaxy Quest in theaters, I literally laughed so hard that my face hurt. But as you mentioned, it succeeds on far more than just that level.

    The best parodies aren't just parodies - they're also very good examples of the subject of their parody. Galaxy Quest is a great parody partly because it's also a great sci-fi movie. And yes, I agree with you that it's superversive.

    Another solid example of a great superversive parody that's also a great example of the kind of film it's parodying? Hot Fuzz. If you haven't seen it, check it out. One of my favorite films.

    1. "The best parodies aren't just parodies - they're also very good examples of the subject of their parody."

      Absolutely. The mark of a good parody is that you could remove all of the comedy and still have a solid genre film.

      "Another solid example of a great superversive parody that's also a great example of the kind of film it's parodying? Hot Fuzz."

      We share a brain. It's the only explanation.

  2. Excellent post. Galaxy Quest is one of my favorite movies of all time.

    In one of the features, Sam Rockwell expressed disappointment that it didn't take off right away and become the next Ghostbusters. As someone who still remembers seeing it in the theater when it came out, it is good to see the acclaim it has received over the years.

    Few comedies are comparable. Maybe Groundhog's Day, but it would be a tough call.

    1. "In one of the features, Sam Rockwell expressed disappointment that it didn't take off right away and become the next Ghostbusters."

      A compelling mystery for the ages. Why wasn't Galaxy Quest an instant cultural phenomenon? All of the ingredients were there.

      And Rockwell is spot on. GQ does for SF what GB did for horror.

      Seriously, can anyone explain this? Did Star Wars Episode I divert public interest? Did the studio botch the marketing campaign? WTF!?

    2. I wish I could explain it. At the time I thought it was great, as did anyone I know who had seen it.

      The fact that it came out just as the "Frat-Pack" comedies were beginning to dominate cinema probably explains at least some of it.

    3. Where there's smoke, there's fire.

  3. Both of you gave me this idea: A Galaxy Quest/Spaceballs/Hot Fuzz/Ghostbusters/Groundhog Day movie marathon.

    I know people who can make this happen.

  4. Sfdebris.com also reviewed the movie and the role of storytellers

    As much as I loved the movie (and oh I do - that and the similar Futurama episode) part of me is glad it was a 1 and done (well there is a comic series but we'll ignore that for now) because... well just look at ghostbusters. It had a sequel essentially depicting Walter peck as winning (see: http://dknowsall.blogspot.com/2014/08/hollywood-babble-on-on-1168-3-short.html?m=1). So faith that galaxyquest could be done without breaking the original's spirit? I dunno...

    1. Thanks for the link.

      You're probably right that it's best to leave perfection alone--especially with Rickman's passing.

  5. Watching this movie again as I show it to a Trek fan at work who had never seen it and it still just holds up so well.

    Something else that came to me while seeing it? It does cringe comedy so well. So many cringe jokes in movies & tvs nowadays are almost unwatchable with how uncomfortable they are. This is one of those rare instances where we can laugh at how awkward it is, without feeling awkward or ashamed.

    1. Best example: Tommy piloting the Protector out of spacedock. They even put a twist on the old "Everybody leans when the ship takes damage" trope.

  6. And another thing I just noticed finishing up the rewatch, but as you put it (so I noticed it this time), ALL the fans have their faith rewarded.

    * Of course the obvious is the group of kids who Jason embarrasses publicly at the start of the movie but then recognizes and salutes publicly at the end.
    * The shippers in the fandom (very subtlety hinted at in the beginning) are rewarded by an onstage kiss between Jason & Gwen at the end.
    * The general fans themselves of course get to watch a crash landing and then their captain heroically kill an alien (even if they just believe it is a stunt).
    * Then of course, for all of them, the show returns to the airwaves with new adventures.
    * Oh and don't forget then that Guy (crewman no.6) was also a fan who just enjoyed being on the show - he gets to be the security chief with a name and everything.

    A pitch perfect ending to a great film.

  7. You put Galaxy Quest and Weird Al in the same post. I'm nominating this for Post of the Decade.

  8. GalaxyQuest 20th anniversary steelbook released this weekend BTW.

    (of course I have one)

    Also I should add, reading another great manga parody work helped me realize the SECOND rule of quality parody (after your so apt first rule).

    "The parody has an in-story, plot-relevant explanation for tropes unquestioned in the source material."

    One (of many) examples from GQ would be the chompers room.